As the world's population continues to age, more and more people are coming online which means the need for accessibility is growing at a very rapid pace. Not only the websites but applications also need to adapt the different browsers and speeds so that they can deliver content in a better manner. It becomes essential to adapt to the needs of those who are suffering from any sort of impairment. And this is the primary reason due to which the web accessibility is becoming an important consideration while designing sites.
What is Website Accessibility?
A site is considered to be accessible only when its content is available to everyone; no matter the level of impairment they have. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has laid out some certain guidelines that help in making sites accessible. Well, developing a user-oriented site has become an essential part of WordPress theme development and developers are doing their best to make portals as per the user needs. The rules and regulations drafted by W3C cover lots of issues but they really can't address the needs of each and every person.
Why Accessible Design Matters
Unfortunately, several designers are still not aware of the accessibility issues or don't think that the web audience really wants to acquire to this special scenario. Moreover, a site owner needs to invest a good amount of resources to make their portal more user-friendly but in the end, there site will be benefitted from this functionality.
Designing for Accessibility
People having visual disabilities generally opt for screen reader apps that help them browse through sites and consume the desired content. It's essential to keep in mind all the needs of the people using all these screen-reader apps. Here are the few tips for the site design:
Make sure your site has a consistent layout. The primary elements such as navigation, banners should appear on the same locations of every page. It will be if your markup is also consistent and doesn't contain any bugs. There should be at least one H1 heading on every page & content should be similar to the page's title. Remember to use all the headings in the proper order.
The Alternative text tags work just like SEO. They have a textual & contextual descriptions of the image. If the image is just for the decoration purpose then you can handle it with CSS. And in case it contains content then the ALT text should be there to describe it. Remember that the text should allow a person that can’t see the image to get the same information as a person that can see the image.
It will be good if you keep forms as short as possible. Only ask for the necessary information. Users with all level of ability appreciate this. If there are errors in the fields when the form is submitted, make sure the error is clearly indicated. General error messages can be hard enough for site visitors without disabilities to decipher.